Autism News

Courtesy of Medical News Today.

August 23rd, 2014
In stress hormone regulation, maturing brain flips function of amygdala
In contrast to evidence that the amygdala stimulates stress responses in adults, researchers at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University have found that the amygdala has an...

August 22nd, 2014
Children with autism 'have too many synapses in their brain'
Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center in New York, NY, find that children with autism have excess synapses in their brain, which impacts brain function.

August 19th, 2014
Algorithm developed to uncover genomic insertions and deletions involved in autism, OCD
With three billion letters in the human genome, it seems hard to believe that adding a DNA base here or removing a DNA base there could have much of an effect on our health.

August 19th, 2014
How information flow in the brain is centrally regulated for sleep and wakefulness
Ever wonder why it's hard to focus after a bad night's sleep? Using mice and flashes of light, scientists show that just a few nerve cells in the brain may control the switch between internal...

August 19th, 2014
Sexual victimization a greater risk for adults with autism
Adults with autism are at a higher risk of sexual victimization than adults without, due to lack of sex education, but with improved interventions that focus on sexual knowledge and skill building...

August 18th, 2014
Brain 'switchboard' identified that is important in attention and sleep, suggests new targets for treating psychiatric disorders
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere, using a mouse model, have recorded the activity of individual nerve cells in a small part of the brain that works as a "switchboard,"...

August 16th, 2014
Protein implicated in Alzheimer's disease has important treatment potential in genetic form of epilepsy
Researchers at the Gladstone Institutes have shown that reducing brain levels of the protein tau effectively blocks the development of disease in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome, a severe...

August 14th, 2014
Autism interventions should focus on identifying and harnessing the autistic child's strengths
An analysis of autism research covering genetics, brain imaging, and cognition led by Laurent Mottron of the University of Montreal has overhauled our understanding of why autism potentially occurs...

August 7th, 2014
Patients with autism spectrum disorder are not sensitive to 'being imitated'
A Japanese research group led by Prof Norihiro Sadato, a professor of the National Institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), has found that people...

August 6th, 2014
In children with autism, blood-oxytocin levels found to be in normal range
Autism does not appear to be solely caused by a deficiency of oxytocin, but the hormone's universal ability to boost social function may prove useful in treating a subset of children with the...

August 4th, 2014
Scientists unravel a neural circuit that could play an important role in autism
The insular cortex is an integral "hub", combining sensory, emotional and cognitive content.

August 4th, 2014
Timing of neuronal generation is linked to how neurons achieve specific brain wiring
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have evidence suggesting that neurons in the developing brains of mice are guided by a simple but elegant birth order rule...

August 4th, 2014
Biomedical discoveries accelerated by see-through organs and bodies
The ability to see through organs and even the entire body to visualize long-range connections between cells as well as fine-grained cellular structures has been a long-time dream of biologists.

August 1st, 2014
Children with sensory processing disorders and autism have measureable brain differences
Researchers at UC San Francisco have found that children with sensory processing disorders have decreased structural brain connections in specific sensory regions different than those in autism...

August 1st, 2014
Adaptive behavior important in inherited intellectual disability syndrome
Standard scores measuring "adaptive behavior" in boys with fragile X syndrome tend to decline during childhood and adolescence, the largest longitudinal study of the inherited disorder to date has...

July 31st, 2014
Little-known supportive cells, astrocytes, essential for memory
When you're expecting something - like the meal you've ordered at a restaurant - or when something captures your interest, unique electrical rhythms sweep through your brain.

July 31st, 2014
The autistic brain found to be less flexible at taking on tasks
The brains of children with autism are relatively inflexible at switching from rest to task performance, according to a new brain-imaging study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

July 30th, 2014
Peers with strong language skills help preschoolers with special needs
The guiding philosophy for educating children with disabilities has been to integrate them as much as possible into a normal classroom environment, with the hope that peers' skills will help bring...

July 29th, 2014
Research suggests early warning sign for babies at risk of autism
Some babies are at risk for autism because they have an older sibling that has the disorder.

July 28th, 2014
Protein once seen as a promising anti-cancer compound helps to stabilize neural circuits
Researchers at UC San Francisco (UCSF) have discovered that endostatin, a protein that once aroused intense interest as a possible cancer treatment, plays a key role in the stable functioning of the...

July 26th, 2014
Deleting enzyme favorably impacts behaviors associated with Fragile X syndrome
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviors, and other behaviors on the autistic spectrum, as well as cognitive deficits.

July 24th, 2014
Peer-led intervention helps mothers of children with autism
Peer-led interventions that target parental well-being can significantly reduce stress, depression and anxiety in mothers of children with disabilities, according to new findings released in the...

July 23rd, 2014
First diagnostic criteria for Christianson syndrome
A new study provides the most definitive characterization of the autism-like intellectual disability disorder Christianson syndrome and provides the first diagnostic criteria to help doctors and...

July 22nd, 2014
Two-way interaction between neurons and astrocytes plays an important role in the processes of learning and memory
Throughout our lives, our brains adapt to what we learn and memorise. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured.

July 21st, 2014
Autism risk is 'mostly genetic,' according to statistical analysis
The largest ever study into the heritability of autism finds that nearly 60% of autism risk is genetic. Also, these genes are mostly common among the general population.